Category: wwi

Indian Cavalry Secures Haifa by Charge with La…

The Lancers enter Haifa.

September 23 1918, Haifa–British cavalry had advanced dozens of miles since the 19th, destroying the better part of two Turkish armies.  So far, they had been able to find water and fodder for their horses from the large amount of territory captured, but supply was still becoming a concern.  Bringing supplies over such a long distance by land would be quite difficult, so it became a top priority to secure the seaports at Acre and Haifa to land supplies by sea.  Acre would fall quickly, but Haifa was a more difficult matter.  An attempt to secure it with armored cars on the evening of the 22nd failed, driven back by an Austrian battery on Mount Carmel and German machine gun fire.  The next day, British cavalry and armored cars made another attempt.  Maneuver was difficult due to marshy ground, and many horses were killed while attempting to get around it.

Despite their weakened state, the Mysore and Jodhpur Lancers was able to charge the German machine guns and quickly overwhelmed them; while many of the horses were mortally wounded during the charge, they were still able to carry their riders to their objective.  Another uphill attack by the Mysore Lancers took the Austrian battery on Mt. Carmel, and Haifa was taken soon thereafter.  Only three Allied soldiers were killed in the fighting.  The victory, involving one of the final successful cavalry charges in history, is still celebrated by the Indian Army as Haifa Day.

Sources include: Cyril Falls, Armageddon, 1918; Roger Ford, Eden to Armageddon; The Indian Express (includes image credit).

Sep 23 1918 “Indian cavalry of the Jodhp…

Sep 23 1918 “Indian cavalry of the Jodhpore and Mysore Lancers, 16th (Imperial Service) Cavalry Brigade passing through Haifa following the city’s capture from Turkey (Ottoman Empire)” https://t.co/uCpm4cyL2I https://t.co/5YIu3yJPgw http://twitter.com/ThisDayInWWI/status/1043893234399768576

Sep 23 1918 “Submarine R,27 ready for la…

Sep 23 1918 “Submarine R,27 ready for launching” https://t.co/Srhh4EARsZ https://t.co/iX8tvUGW7m http://twitter.com/ThisDayInWWI/status/1043891308316655616

Sep 23 1918 “American minelayer USS SAN …

Sep 23 1918 “American minelayer USS SAN FRANCISCO in dry dock at Invergordon” https://t.co/VAXTf6HEe4 https://t.co/DUBM8Jv6kN http://twitter.com/ThisDayInWWI/status/1043890992464588800

Sep 23 1918 “Cavalry passing through the…

Sep 23 1918 “Cavalry passing through the streets of Haifa, which was captured by the Jodhpore and Mysore Lancers, 15th (Imperial Service) Cavalry Brigade” https://t.co/rgYxmIXFuj https://t.co/DMrgECGCcI http://twitter.com/ThisDayInWWI/status/1043890644119240705

On the Plain of Esdraelon: Night : with the 14…

On the Plain of Esdraelon: Night : with the 14th Australian Light Horse Sep 23 1918 https://t.co/dsAEmNZwJN via @I_W_M http://twitter.com/ThisDayInWWI/status/1043890290078052353

Shipwrights reinforce a ship’s hull with…

Shipwrights reinforce a ship’s hull with steel at Fougner Yard in Queens, New York, New York, USA. Sep 23 1918 https://t.co/EoWTsIWc3e http://twitter.com/ThisDayInWWI/status/1043889611758395398

Two participants shake hands at the American S…

Two participants shake hands at the American Sports Day in Hyde Park, London. Sep 21 1918 https://t.co/TvQpmwrDlt http://twitter.com/ThisDayInWWI/status/1043889462252527616

Sep 23 1918 Indian 15th Cavalry Brigade, 5th C…

Sep 23 1918 Indian 15th Cavalry Brigade, 5th Cavalry Division and part of the Desert Mounted Corps attacked the Ottoman Empire that resulted in the capture of the towns of Haifa and Acre https://t.co/RM7oHId7Bl https://t.co/JEkTHKaYgX http://twitter.com/ThisDayInWWI/status/1043887401301495808

Sep 23 1918 United Kingdom cargo ship Edlingto…

Sep 23 1918 United Kingdom cargo ship Edlington sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off Cape Passaro, Sicily, Italy (36°42′N 16°37′E) by SM UC-54 Her crew survived https://t.co/awvfwgHveu http://twitter.com/ThisDayInWWI/status/1043886442512961536