Category: tuesdaymotivation

                                                       
“He kissed me full on the lips”

On this day in 1919, nearly a year after
WWI ended, General Pershing led a victory parade down New York
City’s Fifth Avenue. During the
parade, Kitty Dalton, a Knight of Columbus Flower Girl, presented a bouquet to the General and he paused to kiss
her. “Can he kiss?” she was asked “I’d say
he can”
Kitty dished.”He kissed me full on the lips… Nobody ever kissed me as General Pershing did.”

The American Past, NYC in Focus –
The New York Times – Photo: September 10 1919, New York City, Kitty Dalton and
General Pershing after the kiss – The New York Times, Library of Congress

More about this beautiful day in
New York
:

‘New York lived probably the last
chapter in its history of great military spectacles growing out of the war.

The Mayor had declared the day a national
holiday, and the whole population was out to witness the passing of the marching
hosts. All along 5th Avenue from 107th

Street to Washington Square
they stood, many deep, kept in place by 7,000 policemen; hotels and private
buildings filled specially constructed stands with closely packed spectators;
every window was crowded,
and the surging throngs early occupied every point of
vantage. From all these points, as well as from the reviewing stand and the seats
that flanked it from 85th to 74th Street, the cheers
swelled into wild outbursts of greetings, shoutings of Pershing’s name, the ringing
of bells, the rattle of raucous crickets, a formidable body of sound undertoned
by the pealing of church bells and supplemented visually by great showers of
confetti, long, trailing paper streamers, and clouds of paper snow. A group of
army airplanes from Mineola flew up and down above the long, white avenue,
echoing to the rythmical tread of the soldiers, who wore upon their heads the flat
trench helmets of the fighting force in France, and whose closely aligned bayonets
gleamed like silver rain.

The
whole route was gay and colorful with flags and bunting. Most colorful, most
picturesque of all, was the way Pershing, the members of his staff, officers
and men of lesser rank, all the long line of marchers, were pelted with
flowers
. At times Pershing rode over stretches of asphalt carpeted with laurel.
At others roses and simpler flowers rained about him. Again some enthusiast,
high above him, would toss a single blossom, perhaps to fall almost at his
feet, perhaps to drop far behind him.

Even
where the crowds were least dense, Pershing was kept at almost continual salute
by the tributes volleyed at him from both sides of the avenue.”

The New York Times – Great YouTube: General Pershing and the 1st Division parading down Fifth Avenue in New York City on September
10, 1919
.

                         ‘This summer we had a crop of what we called
“Armistice babies’

‘How I wish you could see the way in which my little ones
are gaining in weight as a result of what I am doing for them. My records comprise
today 75 babies, 178 children from two to six, and 534 school children. A
number of these, a large number, have goats and chickens and rabbits or are
being supplies regulary with Powdered or Malted milk
or condensed milk and cocoa, or other portable supplies, and their mothers follow
with eagerness the gains in their weights, comparing them with the standard
weights on the big card and praying for the day when their child’s weight will
reach that standard.

I have worried over a three weeks old baby: he was given
everything needed in the way of nursing bottles and
nipples, and the simplest formula but it just
doesn’t thrive. At three months he weighs less than eight pounds. And a
charming baby too. So I just asked the mother to give him to me to take him to
the hospital at Blérancourt and let them keep him until he was older and
thriving.

The baby is now in the care of an English nurse, and thriving
because everything is regular and roomy and quiet and rightly done. So he is
going to live.

None of my seventy odd babies has
died this summer.’

Late summer 1919, Mary Breckinridge, American nurse & midwife in Blérancourt, France.
“She traveled to rural France after WW1 to work for the American Committee for
Devastated France
. Caring for infants, children, and mothers on the brink
of starvation and poverty in the wake of destruction and occupation,
Breckinridge began to practice the public health outreach that she would
eventually implement as the first of its kind in the United States” – Letters from Devastation: Mary Breckinridge in
the Aisne, 1919
– Photos: Mary Breckinridge, nurses, and physicians,
of the American Committee, at work, in and around, Blérancourt, France – Ministère de la Culture, France

‘The delights of lying in the grass
among trees and listening to the birds singing instead of to the whistling of
the shells…’

WW1, John
Shakespear
– Photo: Henri Roger

                                “On the shell-torn
fields of this region. cows are again grazing”

“Our first American cows are arriving this
week: of course it was rather a sorrow when we heard that of the hundred cows
that had been promised only two bulls and two cows had gotten off by this ship.
However we have made arrangements with the André Tardieu Mission who do
everything they can for us, to send us a whole wagon out of this ship full, and
we will give them ours in exchange when they arrive. It will be a busy week for
livestock for we are also receiving a wagon of one thousand rabbits and two
hundred chickens. …”

1919,
France, American philanthropist Anne Morgan’s letter home – Anne Morgan’s War:
Rebuilding Devastated France, 1917–1924 –

Photos:
1918 1919, France, cows gifting to French farmers by Anne Morgan’s American
Committee for Devastated France
– Ministere de la Culture, France

“I
can hardly believe it is really true. I had so little faith in men. I feared they would play tricks at the end.”

A Woman’s Crusade: Alice Paul and the Battle for the Ballot


Note: passed by Congress June 4, 1919, and ratified on August
18, 1920, the 19th amendment granted women the right to vote. The 19th
amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote.

Image: “VICTORY – We have fought for the things nearest
our hearts–for DEMOCRACY– for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own government.” June 1919, “The Suffragist” created by
American suffragist Alice Paul

                
“Why not just put me down as short, stout, and gray?”


May 28 1919
“I am not ashamed to tell you that I am
63, although many take me for 20 years more than my real age,” replied
Mrs. Smith (pictured in the center) when the election commissioner asked
her age. “Why not just put me down as short, stout, and gray?”

In Nebraska, the anti-suffrage forces
gathered signatures to suspend a limited woman suffrage act signed in 1917. But the women suffragists fought back and won
their battle in court. Read this great story here.

                                                   “They will not go back”

‘May 21 1919 – The
real triumph belongs to the women.

Our
objective was the national enfranchisement of women. A tiny step, you may say.
True! But the first step in the long struggle of women for political, economic
and social emancipation.

How revolutionary will be the
changes when women get this power and responsibility no one can adequately foretell.
One thing is certain. They will not go back. They will never again be good and
willing slaves.

It has been a long, wearying
struggle. Although drudgery has persisted throughout, there have been moments
of great joy and beauty. The relief that comes after a great achievement is
sweet. There is no bitterness.

All along women have kept their
faith in women.’

May-June 1919, celebrating the passage of the 19th Amendment –  “Jailed for Freedom” by Doris Stevens,  American suffragist, woman’s legal rights advocate and author –
Photo: May 21 1919: “the real triumph belongs to women”

Note:
On May 21, 1919, the House of Representatives passed the 19th
Amendment

and 2 weeks
later, the Senate followed. The 19th amendment to the constitution guarantees
all American women the right to vote.

                “I
can begin to feel the thrill of “Homeward Bound” now and it is Some Feeling!”


Spring 1919, France – American soldier on his way home via the
port of St Nazaire, France
Letters from Lloyd M.
Staley to Mary B. Gray
– Photo: April 24 1919, St Nazaire, France –

Naval History and Heritage Command Photographic

                                         

“Equal pay for equal work is the only solution”

‘There
are many kinds of chickens coming home to roost since the war ended and one of
them is hatched from the unequal pay of women who
replaced men.

Many times, the soldier who
takes back his old job will find it so depleted in financial value that he
won’t take it as a gift: during the war few women replacing men in industrial
plants received equal pay and now manufacturers know that they can make money
faster while getting better work for less pay. There is a certain kind of
employer who will underpay his women and refuse to hire men for the same jobs.

When talking about the
difficulty of giving soldiers back their jobs, people should consider this:  in justice to the woman who does the work and
in justice to the soldier who wants his old job back, the principle of equal
pay for equal work is the only solution to this embarrassing situation.’

Spring 1919, The Woman Citizen, Volume 4 –
Photo American
women workers hand chipping with pneumatic hammers at Midvale Steel and
Ordnance Company in Nicetown, Pennsylvania, 1918 – US National Archives

Note: beautiful photos “Women at Work During World War 1″

                                              “Worry and care were thrown to the winds”

“We sailed
from St. Nazaire on March 13th. We were a happy
outfit. The first two days out were strenuous, as the weather is always nasty
in the Bay of Biscay, and the sea is always rough. There was some sea-sickness, but
nothing like what it was on the journey over, as the men were not crowded and
were allowed to remain on deck and smoke after dark, all of which was denied on
the way to France. Worry and care were thrown to the winds, and there were few
kicks left in the system of any soul aboard. The distance from St. Nazaire to Charleston was 4,135 miles. The vessel passed
in sight of the Azores and just north of Bermuda, and arrived at Charleston on
the afternoon of March 27th.”

1919 – History of the Fifty-fifth Field Artillery Brigade – Photos:
1919, a vessel transporting American troops leaves Saint Nazaire, France – Private collection – Matthieu1856
Delcampe, France.