Arthur Griffith (1871-1922), a Sinn Féin politician who won a by-election in County Cavan on June 20, in part due to the party’s strong stance on conscription. Like all Sinn Féin MPs, he would not take his seat in Westminster.
June 21 1918, Dublin–Two months after Lloyd George announced his plan to enact both conscription and Home Rule in Ireland, it was clear that the plan had failed. Almost every segment of Irish society, from its politicians to its churchmen, had rejected conscription, and saw the offer of Home Rule for the tactic it was. Irish republican nationalists had been emboldened by the effort, and Sinn Féin had won two by-elections in the last month. The German offensives that had driven far into British lines in March and April had passed, and their attacks on the French had stalled as well. The necessity for conscription in Ireland was also fading as more American soldiers crossed the Atlantic every week. On June 21, Lloyd George abandoned the dual effort for conscription and Home Rule. Subtler efforts to encourage Irish participation for the war effort continued, including a plan to appeal to Irish Catholic leaders to encourage men to join the French army to help defend their fellow Catholics on the continent.
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