Field Marshal Hermann von Eichhorn (1848-1918)
July 30 1918, Kiev–The Left SRs were virulently opposed to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and the expanding German occupation of large parts of Russia and Ukraine. In early July, they assassinated the German ambassador in Moscow, Count Mirbach, which led to the Bolsheviks effectively outlawing them in areas under their control. The crackdown did not extend beyond their reach, however; Left SRs were present in the anti-Bolshevik governments in Baku and Samara, and throughout German-occupied Ukraine. On July 30, a Left SR member attacked Field Marshal Eichhorn, the German military governor, killing him and one of his aides with a bomb. Beyond his position as the head of the occupying regime, Eichhorn was hated for his role in the late April coup that overthrew the (largely socialist) Ukrainian Rada and installed a compliant Czarist general as “Hetman” of Ukraine. The assassin was executed in early August.
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