Author: 100 years ago, the war Waldo saw

‘Tuesday September 24 1918 – Have cootie…

‘Tuesday
September 24 1918 – Have cootie inspection. Find plenty. Take some picture.
Target practice. Go thru woods at seicheprey – Biscuits for supper.’

Diary of Hap Gruenberg – Ambulance Company 167, attached to the
42nd (Rainbow Division) in
Seicheprey, Meurthe et Moselle, (St Mihiel drive sector) France – The University of Tulsa Department of Special
Collections, Digital Collections

– Photo: 1918, cootie hunting somewhere in France.

                                   You cannot …

                                   You cannot vote unless you register

You
have no right to be a slacker as a citizen, you have no right not to take an
active part in what is happening to your country”

Minnie
Fisher Cunningham
, one of the leaders of the
suffrage movement in Texas, fought with many women and a few men to
ensure that Texan women could have a say in their government. Her tenacity paid off as Texas
opened up primary voting to women in 1918.

Women Voted in Texas in 1918 – from the Minnie Fisher Cunningham Papers”

‘In the Forest of Argonnes to hold a First Aid…

‘In the Forest of Argonnes to hold a First Aid
Station. City of stone dugouts. Cooked dinner and established ourselves in a
dugout. Dugout full of rats, lice and dirty. Left to put up tents on the side
of a hill. Not supposed to do that. Hear a gun once in a while. Will sleep fine
in our tents.’

September 1918, American ambulance driver all set for
the Meuse-Argonne offensive – Diary of J. Reah Hollinger – Franklin &
Marshall College
– Photo: 1918, France, American soldiers in tents – Archives du Ministère
de la culture, France. Great YouTube video:

Meuse-Argonne Offensive,
September 26 to November 11, 1918, 82nd Division
 

(Note: the awesome scene @4.34!)

“Monday September 23 1918 – We pass the …

“Monday September 23 1918 – We pass the time mostly by overhauling
the cars but some hardy sons go
swimming, others go AWOL to Dunkirk, and the rest of us curse the ever present
sand.”

American ambulance driver en repos in
Loon-Plage, near dunkirk, France. See Google map The Compensations of war – Photo:
WW1 American soldiers en repos at the beach.Tennessee Virtual Archives 

                                              …

                                                                “Music may win the war”

“In the cook-sheds last night the black soldiers were
singing one of their quaint plantation melodies.
They sit together and the banjo or mandolin is strummed constantly, while someone takes up the song. Then, the entire chorus joins in
the refrain and the next verse begins. I have heard them create verses, out of their own minds, and improvise them into the song,
something like the Italian improvisatore of old. Their music suggests the
Hawaiian, but is different, and has a distant resemblance to the war songs of their African ancestors.

These men are fine,
disciplined gentlemen, well fitted for the task, and to them, music may win the war.”

Summer 1918 – staff correspondent of the New York Times – The Crisis – Photo: WW1, France, American soldiers’ boeuf or “Jam
session” in English.

‘Four poilus join in a game of manille, that w…

‘Four poilus join in a game of manille, that will last
until night blacks out the cards.

Cocon
and Tirette are recalling their memories of barrack-life. The impressions left
upon their minds by those years of military training are ineffaceable.

I can hear some of the talk and guess the rest of it. Always the same tale that they get out of their military past. He wasn’t afraid, he spoke out loud and strong!

Some
scraps of it reach my ears…’

WW1 French soldier’s memoir –

Under Fire: The Story of a Squad (Le Feu)

– WW1, Oise sector, French soldiers playing cards and relaxing. La Contemporaine

“I have no respect for night bombers. It is hi…

“I have no respect for night bombers. It is hitting a man in
the back and in cold blood. It is no doubt that this boche was after our
ambulances. Just another case where the hun’s mania for destroying anything
with the red cross on it got the best of him. This morning we found that our trucks and ambulances have been hit with
eclats. The cars were damaged beaucoup and  we worked all morning to get them in shape for the drive to Bar-le-Duc. After
lunch we started convoy and a rough looking bunch of cars they were.”

September 1918, American ambulance driver in the St Mihiel Sector. See Google map – Diary of 

Sydney Monroe Eddy

Orleans County Department of
History.
Photo: 1918, Meuse, working on a beaucoup damaged American ambulance.

“Well mother dear, there is a German helmet on…

“Well mother dear, there
is a German helmet on the road for you; I sent it yesterday and took it to the
post office myself – You will see where the shrapnel
bullets struck it by the dents. The red paint spots are camouflage. It is about
as good a helmet as I could pick up. The boys made great fun of me for carrying
it around, but I told them plump and plain, “My mother wants one and believe me
she is going to get it.”

Well
mother dear, I must ring off; will write soon again. With heaps of love to
you.”

September 1918, France, American
soldier’s letter to his mom. The North Dakota WWI Centennial Commission – Photo:
1918, France, American soldier holding several German helmet trophies.

World War I in Ohio

                                              …

                                                                “Wholesale Wine & Spirits

“Up at six and started for repos.

Went thru Vic sur Aisne, Attichy, Pierrfond, Nanteuill and arrived at Dammartin about three P.M.

Quite a thrill passing en convoy thru the village and getting a glimpse of all the stores, cafes, civilians ect.

Fine cantonement. Cars unloaded & kitchen set up.

Took a walk thru the village. Great temptation to get “canned” as all sorts of liquors are sold here. Benedictine, Curacao, Triple Sec, Cherry brandy, Rum, Champagne ect.”

Septembre 1918, American ambulance driver in the Aisne Sector,
France – Google map of his journeyDiaries of Samuel Keplinger – Photo: WW1, France,
American soldiers “hit the town” (on the left is a wine & spirits shop). La Contemporaine

‘The day was quite clear and pleasant, for aut…

‘The day was quite clear
and pleasant, for autumnal France and
the scenery  was beautiful indeed. After a great lunch
in Remiremont, we resumed the road for Belfort and passed over the famous
Ballon d’Alsace. The Ballon is a considerable mountain rising several thousand
feet into the air, and necessitating a long, tortuous climb along a typical
mountain road, which is in excellent repair. I noticed that, in this Vosges
country, oxen take the place of horses as draft animals
and are fastened to the horns.

Late in the afternoon we drove into Belfort, a famous fortress
town. Everybody has heard of the famous lion of Belfort, a gigantic stone lion
carved out of the rock of the fortress by Bartholdi, the French sculptor of Lady Liberty.’

Fall 1918, American official observer in the Vosges, France – What I Saw of the War Google map of their journey –  Photo: WW1, France – Amazing shot showing
an American ambulance driver from the back, driving top-down up the Vosges mountains.